Discussions of Mormons and Mormon life, Book of Mormon issues and evidences, and other Latter-day Saint (LDS) topics.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

President Henry B. Eyring's Visit to the Vatican: A Gentle Call to Strengthen Marriage

President Henry B. Eyring just did something that my wife and did earlier this year: visited the Vatican. OK, our visit wasn't newsworthy. We stood in line with lots of other tourists as we explored a little of the endless art at the Vatican Museums and admired its surroundings. President Eyring was doing something more noteworthy than sightseeing. He was sharing a message from the Church about the importance of the family at an international summit at the Vatican that was opened by Pope Francis.

While some might have expected direct arguments against same-sex marriage in President Eyring's talk, he took a more indirect and gentle approach, calling for a "renaissance of happy marriages and productive families" while also reminding us of the need to strengthen (traditional) marriage through greater unselfishness. I respect what he said and how he said it, though it naturally leaves open the argument that unselfishness and growth through family relationships can happen between any two individuals regardless of gender. 

In fact, whether or not we agree with the trend of changing law and traditional institutions to recognize same-sex marriage or other non-traditional relationships, I think it's fair for us to recognize the growth, the selfless service, and the happiness that people in non-traditional relationships can experience. And yes, I also recognize that argument can also be applied to relationships that I'm especially uneasy with, such polygamous relationships or adultery dressed up in robes of love and service. So opportunities for service or feelings of growth and happiness are not the standard in determining what the law should be nor what what divine standards are, but I think in our diverse society we need to be open to what others experience and why it is so important to them, even when we disagree with their position. That said, those who believe in traditional marriage or the wisdom of having a father and a mother in the lives of children need not retreat from their principles. President Eyring's talk illustrates a reasonable effort to stand for those principles, rooted not in legal argument or statistics, but on a foundation of faith. Accepting the Proclamation on the Family is definitely a matter of faith, though one can make a variety of secular arguments for some of its points.

Here is an excerpt from the transcript of his remarks:
We must find ways to lead people to a faith that they can replace their natural self-interest with deep and lasting feelings of charity and benevolence. With that change, and only then, will people be able to make the hourly unselfish sacrifices necessary for a happy marriage and family life—and to do it with a smile.

The change that is needed is in people’s hearts more than in their minds. The most persuasive logic will not be enough unless it helps soften hearts. For instance, it is important for men and women to be faithful to a spouse and a family. But in the heat of temptation to betray their trust, only powerful feelings of love and loyalty will be enough.

That is why the following guidelines are in “The Family: A Proclamation to the World,” issued in 1995 by the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints:

“Husband and wife have a solemn responsibility to love and care for each other and for their children. ‘Children are an heritage of the Lord’ (Psalm 127:3). Parents have a sacred duty to rear their children in love and righteousness, to provide for their physical and spiritual needs, and to teach them to love and serve one another, observe the commandments of God, and be law-abiding citizens wherever they live. Husbands and wives—mothers and fathers—will be held accountable before God for the discharge of these obligations.

“The family is ordained of God. Marriage between man and woman is essential to His eternal plan. Children are entitled to birth within the bonds of matrimony, and to be reared by a father and a mother who honor marital vows with complete fidelity. Happiness in family life is most likely to be achieved when founded upon the teachings of the Lord Jesus Christ. Successful marriages and families are established and maintained on principles of faith, prayer, repentance, forgiveness, respect, love, compassion, work, and wholesome recreational activities. By divine design, fathers are to preside over their families in love and righteousness and are responsible to provide the necessities of life and protection for their families. Mothers are primarily responsible for the nurture of their children. In these sacred responsibilities, fathers and mothers are obligated to help one another as equal partners. Disability, death, or other circumstances may necessitate individual adaptation. Extended families should lend support when needed.”

Those are things people must do for us to have a renaissance of happy marriages and productive families. Such a renaissance will require people to try for the ideal—and to keep trying even when the happy result is slow to come and when loud voices mock the effort.

We can and must stand up and defend the institution of marriage between a man and a woman. Professor Lynn Wardle has said, “The task we face is not for summer soldiers or weekend warriors who are willing to work for a season and then quit.” A past president of our Church, Gordon B. Hinckley, offered similar counsel, as well as encouragement, saying, “We cannot effect a turnaround in a day or a month or a year. But with enough effort, we can begin a turnaround within a generation, and accomplish wonders within two generations."
What would you have said if you had a chance to speak at the Vatican on this topic?

7 comments:

Orbiting Kolob said...

Reading these comments by Jeff and Mr. Eyring, coming as they do after so many stunning triumphs of gay marriage, makes me think that an occasional political whoopin' can do wonders to induce thoughtfulness and humility.

Seriously, Jeff, I commend you for acknowledging (however obliquely) the possibility "that unselfishness and growth through family relationships can happen between any two individuals regardless of gender."

There is more day to dawn, even in the Mormon Church.

Jenny Evans said...

It's been really interesting to read about Humanum 2014. Something like 14 different faith traditions, both Christian and non-Christian, were included in the lineup of speakers. It's good to see our commonalities emphasized instead of our differences.

As Jeff said, it's entirely possible to find happiness in many types of situations and life choices, but as people of faith we believe that the greatest degree of happiness, goodness, and growth come from life choices that are in line with the gospel of Jesus Christ. Not just with relationships, but with everything.

Orbiting Kolob said...

Yes, Jenny, "it's entirely possible to find happiness in many types of situations and life choices."

And this includes gay marriage, right?

bearyb said...

I'm sure happiness can be found in gay marriages. I'll bet we can even find some gay couples that are happier in their relationships than some in traditional marriages are. But I have to agree with Jeff's statement that "opportunities for service or feelings of growth and happiness are not the standard in determining what the law should be nor what what divine standards are."

Clearly explained in Isaiah 55:8 is a good reason for us to think twice about our own reasons for the choices we make: "For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the Lord." And in Proverbs 3:5 - "Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding."

One of the main conflicts with same-sex marriage and the Church doctrine of ideals (for what else should a church teach but ideals) is the final state of resurrected beings, as far as we are given to understand it. We accept as revealed truth the statement that in order to qualify for the highest reward God has in store for His children, we must enter into the everlasting covenant of marriage.

These things are clearly spelled out in the Doctrine and Covenents, section 132, as is the alternative (there is always an alternative): “For behold, I reveal unto you a new and an everlasting covenant; and if ye abide not that covenant, then are ye damned.” Damned here meaning "stopped in progress," as explained by Pres. Kimball.

The most important aspect of such a union is the promise of an eternal increase. For an explanation of what "eternal increase" means, I provide an excerpt of a statement by Elder Melvin J. Ballard"

“What do we mean by endless or eternal increase? We mean that through the righteousness and faithfulness of men and women who keep the commandments of God they will come forth with celestial bodies, fitted and prepared to enter into their great, high and eternal glory in the celestial kingdom of God; and unto them through their preparation, there will come spirit children."

There are similar statements that have been made by others which you can find on your own.

The point is, how can same-sex couples ever hope to accomplish such a thing? There are some who suggest that the Church is slowly changing to be more accepting of this new social trend. But I can't see how it could ever change this core doctrine of celestial marriage, especially in light of teachings contained in the Proclamation on the Family.

Brigham Young also had something very interesting to say about marriage in general:

“The whole subject of the marriage relation is not in my reach, nor in any other man’s reach on this earth. It is without beginning of days or end of years; it is a hard matter to reach. We can tell some things with regard to it; it lays the foundation for worlds, for angels, and for the Gods; for intelligent beings to be crowned with glory, immortality, and eternal lives. In fact, it is the thread which runs from the beginning to the end of the holy Gospel of Salvation—of the Gospel of the Son of God; it is from eternity to eternity”

I recognize, as Jeff put it, that "Accepting the Proclamation on the Family is definitely a matter of faith..." But so it is with all statements attributed to God by all the prophets since the world began.

Jeff Lindsay said...

Thanks, Orbiting. Political whoopings can influence attitudes, certainly. Having gay family members can do that, too. Especially when they are very cool people.

And yes, there is more day to dawn in many areas, and much for all of us to learn.

Anonymous said...

"and much for all of us to learn."


A fair statement and probably offered with some humility. But how do you answer people who have known what basic decency and social justice have demanded all along while the LDS church dug in its heels and fueled the contention while lives were laid open and families were set one upon the other? Kids were thrown out of school. People were excommunicated. Young people experienced despair and even committed suicide because the church wouldn't budge and even meddled in civil politics to avoid this day.

I accept that you've been able to move on this issue but not amount of grace or humility will wipe away the pain caused by the church because they encouraged good faithful people to harden their hearts.

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